The following tutorial can help users to use the University of Maryland Inspection and Compliance Research Archive.
Click here to access the pdf version of the tutorial.
The University of Maryland Inspection and Compliance Research Archive (UMICRA) is a database of publications compiled to provide researchers with ready access to research findings related to inspection and compliance. New entries are being added on an ongoing basis. Each publication in the database has been tagged to allow users to select publications of particular interest. The regulatory domain and research topic categories allow the user to focus on particular types of questions regarding inspection and compliance. Additional filters for study design, study type, author and year also may be applied.
The Research Archive is made available through the Keshif platform developed by Adil Yalcin. It helps users explore the Archive interactively with the aid of a quick and easy visual interface.
II: Browser selection
Problems with opening the Research Archive have been reported for some versions of Internet Explorer. Switching to Google Chrome should circumvent most issues with the display. Please write to us at email@example.com if you encounter other technical issues.
Figure 1 illustrates what you will see when you open the archive. The large panel to the right displays the titles currently present in the database. Several classification windows are displayed in the column at the left and the publication year window appears at the bottom right. At the time of this screen shot, there were 319 publications in the research archive.
Moving the mouse pointer over a publication title will cause information about its classification to be highlighted. In Figure 2 the mouse has been moved over the title “Production Goes Global, Compliance Stays Local: Private Regulation in the Global Electronics Industry.” In the panels at the left, the corresponding regulatory domain(s), research topic(s), study design and so on are interactively highlighted.
In Figure 3, clicking on the caret between the publication title and year has expanded the information available for the publication.
Holding the mouse over a classification category (allow about 2 seconds) causes its description to be displayed. In Figure 4, holding the mouse over “Experimental“ in the study design window has popped up its description. Complete descriptions of the categories related to research topic, study type and study design are provided in the tutorial appendix. Moreover, the top ribbon indicates which category is currently selected.
IV: Searching the archive
Add and remove filters
Suppose that you wish to search for research related to a particular regulatory domain. Figure 5 displays the result of moving the mouse over “Labor Standards“ within the Regulatory Domains window. The platform visually displays how many publications will result from this selection and how they will be distributed with respect to other available selection criteria. Note that a publication may report findings relevant to more than one regulatory domain. Of the 61 publications in the database at the time this screen shot was taken that reported results related to the labor standards domain, 2 also reported results related to the environmental domain.
When “Labor Standards“ is clicked, the central panel will display a list of all publications that satisfy this search criterion. This is illustrated in Figure 6.
Additional search criteria may be added to narrow the search. Clicking on “Targeting“ in the Research Topics window reduces the number of selected publications to 5 (see Figure 7), and selecting “Non-Experimental“ in the study type window further narrows the results to 4 publications (see Figure 8).
It is also possible to narrow a search by year. Figure 9 shows how to adjust the year range.
Each additional search criterion that is applied appears in a bar near the top of the page and can be removed by clicking the “X” next to it. To reset the filters, click on the icon at the top right of the page (see Figure 10).
For convenience each filter window can be collapsed or expanded to reorganize space (illustrated in Figures 11-12)
A search for authors can be done from the Authors panel, either by selecting a name or by typing the name directly in the search box at the top of the Authors window. Note that, in the Authors window, authors are ordered by their number of included publications rather than alphabetically. Once an author has been selected, all of his/her co-authors present in the database are automatically highlighted in the Authors window. In Figure 13, the author Michael Toffel has been selected. There are 12 publications by Toffel in the database and all his co-authors are highlighted. As of this writing, the database contains publications from 269 authors, which means that it may be necessary to scroll down to see the full list of co-authors.
Figure 14 illustrates that multiple authors can be selected at the same time.
Finally, keywords search may be used to explore the database. In Figure 15, the keyword EPA has been typed into the search box and the central panel has returned the list of papers for which this keyword appeared either in the title or in the abstract.
When entering multiple keywords, two options are available—”All” and “Some“. Take as an example a search in which the user-entered keywords are EPA OSHA. If the icon “All” at the right end of the search ribbon is selected, the search will return only publications that have both keywords in their title or abstract (see Figure 16). If the icon “Some” is selected, the search will return all publications in which either EPA or OSHA appears in the title or abstract (see Figure 17). In some cases, the term of interest may appear only in the abstract. To display an abstract, click on the Publication link. As illustrated in Figure 18, the search term EPA did not appear in the title for the publication “Effect of audits on the extent of compliance with wastewater discharge limits,” but did appear in the abstract.